Has a smoker ever wondered at least for a second about the processes that are taking place in his body and about the harm smoking does to it? Probably not. But he should!
The smoke of 20 cigarettes (which is the usual heavy smoker’s daily dose) contains 130 mg of nicotine, 45 g of ammonia, 0.7-1.1 mg of hydrocyanic acid, 0.6 l of carbon monoxide and many other toxic substances.
These substances cause irreparable harm to the human body. Doctors have proved that a smoker’s average life expectancy is nine years less than a non-smoker’s.
Once in Nice, there was a competition, very unusual in its absurdity and cruelty, "The Best Smoker Award". The competition was attended by many people who wanted to get the "honorary title", and here’s what it led to. Two participants of the competition smoked 60 cigarettes each and died in a hospital a few hours later.
Many participants got the strongest poisoning, but they were rescued. What a sad result this competition had. Ask a novice smoker how he feels when he smokes a cigarette. After he smokes a cigarette he immediately begins to feel dizzy and sick, his heartbeat quickens, the body becomes pale; he gets cold sweat, and those are obvious signs of poisoning. Medical literature has repeatedly given examples of the harm of smoking to the body, and tobacco poisoning. Here are a few examples:
A 42-year-old man who was smoking a tobacco pipe 3-4 times a day made a bet with his friend, which one of them could smoke more pipes in a row. After he had smoked 25 pipes, he felt ill. He had a strong weakness, nausea; he began vomiting, and as a result, he lost consciousness. The man was saved from death, but he suffered severe headaches for one and a half years after that.
A middle-aged man smoked 20 cigars and 40 cigarettes in twelve hours. As a result, he had a breakdown, cold, clammy sweat, disruptions of cardiac activity, and convulsions. The sad end of the story – the man died. Two young men made a bet which one of them could smoke more cigarettes in a row, and after 12 smoked cigarettes, one of them fell ill. He became dizzy, and he died of sudden cardiac arrest. The harm of smoking on health is very diverse. Every part of the human body suffers from the chemicals in tobacco.
Brush your teeth. Every time you want to smoke, brush your teeth and enjoy the freshness of your breath and the pleasant feeling in your mouth. Yes, you’ll need to get an extra brush with a case to constantly be in possession of the necessary tools.
For women - get pregnant. The health of the child depends on the habits of the mother. A sense of responsibility, combined with the feeling of guilt, will overcome the habit.
For those who gamble – make a bet with a friend. If you smoke, you’ll have to pay him a large fine or treat him with a dinner. The bet must be unlimited in time! Your friend will enjoy it in any case.
Get a new job. Get employed at a place where smoking is prohibited – there are plenty of such organizations. At the same time, you should like everything else about the job – the activity profile, coworkers, salary, etc. A job that is more valuable than the habit and the risk of losing it will help you overcome the addiction.
Stop smoking at home. Make a spring cleaning of your house, throw out the ashtray and make it a rule not to smoke in the apartment. At least the air in the house will improve significantly.
Go hiking. Get out of the city more often (preferably for a couple of days) and don’t bring cigarettes with you. Avoid settlements with shops!
Nuts and gum. One more way to stop smoking is to keep your mouth busy with something else. Nuts and chewing gum will do (preferably sugarless). Nuts are better in the shell – it’ll also keep your hands busy. Some experts recommend cookies, but then you’ll also have to start morning runs – to combat obesity.
Drink water. Every time you want to smoke, drink water. This might be useful in any case because most people drink less water than the body needs. And, perhaps, it’ll help you to give up a bad habit.
Bury a pack of cigarettes and don’t buy a new one. To smoke, you’ll have to dig up the deceased pack, take dead cigarettes out of it and put them in your mouth.
Affirmation - daily spells not only help to quit smoking. Think of a few mantras formulated as a fact in real time using only positive words. For example, "I quit smoking, and now I'm happy. I feel a lot better. I smell good. People on the street smile at me" and so on. At the end of each mantra, you can add "I get a lot more than I expect." You must say the mantras with the necessary belief in what you say - mechanical repetition doesn’t give effect. Over time, daily 10-minute sessions can overcome a long-standing habit.
Teenage children often hold smoking against their parents. A good way to kill two birds with one stone is to put a condition - "If you become an excellent student, I will give up smoking."
Imagine your children smoking. Every time you’re going to smoke, imagine your child with a cigarette in his or her mouth.
Reward yourself. Set a good prize for not smoking for a certain period - for example, a sea trip.
Go to the hospital and visit people with lung cancer. Listen to what they say about their feelings and about smoking.
Soak your cigarettes in milk, then dry them and start to smoke. You will obviously hate the taste.
Fill the room with tobacco smoke. Close windows and doors, light a few cigarettes and leave them to smolder in the ashtray.
Controlled poisoning. Smoke one cigarette after another, until the smell of smoke and the process of smoking become disgusting to you. Be careful not to overdo it!
10 WAYS TO QUIT SMOKING
Is it possible to quit smoking for good? The main thing is a strong desire to become a non-smoker and a positive attitude for the result. We found ten ways that might help you to quit smoking.
Experts consider methods that make it possible not to smoke for six months as effective ones.
Official medical science has proven the effectiveness of two methods. They are listed first.
A doctor calculates the optimal treatment for the time without smoking and, if necessary, prescribes drugs to help cope with the stress. Everything is scientifically proven and is suitable for those who prefer the official medical care.
Nicotine patches and chewing gum
A way to stop smoking without nicotine hangover is to use a patch or chewing gum. They deliver the minimum amount of nicotine into the body while you’re kicking the habit of smoking cigarettes. This method is suitable for those who can’t endure while nicotine leaves the body. Cons include the fact that you will then have to withdraw gradually from those substitutes.
If you are a smoker with little experience and a low degree of nicotine dependence, and if you don’t want to contact your doctor, you may try one of the methods below.
A therapist convinces the patient that he or she no longer wants to smoke – whether in a state of a hypnotic trance or without it. The main thing is that the patients should really want to quit smoking and refuse to smoke because of their own desire, not because they are afraid of the hypnotic effect. If the patient slips out after some time, it is best to visit the therapist once again and either enhance or remove the received hypnotic message. The method isn’t considered officially approved.
Working with certain points on the human body has been a treatment for diseases for centuries. Harmful disease producing habits are no exception. A doctor sticks special needles to the necessary points on ears, and the craving to smoke disappears. It usually takes from one to six sessions. The method is not suitable for those who lose consciousness only thinking of needles. It also can’t be considered officially approved.
Psychologists have recently found out that hard work full of stress can significantly reduce the number of cigarettes smoked.
Or even make it zero - in fact, with a busy schedule, there’s no time for smoke breaks.
The effect will be stronger if, for your career growth, you choose a company that has banned smoking completely.
For those who are attracted to an active lifestyle, there’s a method of replacing smoking with some interesting sport or fitness. Moderate and regular exercise cause a biochemically conditioned feeling of pleasure. It’s much easier and more enjoyable to overcome your habits in this state. In addition, sports are good for the way you look.
You can spend a month raft canoeing by mountain rivers, wandering through the jungle, or conquering some lofty mountains. But you’ll have to choose a completely non-smoking company for such an event - these are still possible to find. If there will be nobody to give you a spare cigarette, the hard mode of the trip and the heavy physical exertion will soon make you forget about tobacco.
Allen Carr's book "Easy Way to Stop Smoking"
Today, quitting "by the book" is a very common way, alone or in virtual support groups. The book is available to buy or to take from those who had already quit. The volume is small, and even the ones who are not fond of printed word can cope with it. Just don’t listen to those who say that the book couldn’t help them - you have a goal to quit, not to collect statistics.
You can throw away the last pack of cigarettes and go into the wilderness. Downshifting is gradually coming into fashion. And, if the chosen village has a shop with tobacco products, then your choice is a single weather station in the forest or a distant forest border. If the nearest shop is 50 kilometers through the forest, you won’t run for cigarettes once you feel like smoking.
Everywhere you can find an old woman or a priest with a skill to help people quit smoking. It doesn’t matter what they use as the basis of their method - herbs, whispering spells over water or a prayer. If you believe in these things, they work. It’s a quite harmless informal method with a 50 percent probability of success. That is, it might help or not.
Mark Twain wrote: "Quitting is very easy - I've tried it many times." Many quitters start smoking again because nicotine dependence is comparable in strength to drug addiction. Analyze the cause of your failure – whether you went to a place where people smoke, drank alcohol in a smoking company, or you were too nervous? Draw conclusions and learn from your mistakes.
Of all the systems of the body, the nervous system primarily suffers from smoking. The nervous system controls all the processes occurring in our body. It is responsible for connecting the body with the internal and external environment. And the nervous system is the first and foremost to suffer from tobacco poisoning. One of the first signs of tobacco poisoning of the nervous system is dizziness.
Dizziness usually comes in bouts, and sometimes in a succession of intense bouts. First, there is a feeling of emptiness, a person is unable to concentrate and gets a feeling of loss of consciousness. It seems that everything is moving, and if the person closes his eyes, he gets a feeling of his own body whirling. Constriction of cerebral vessels causes dizziness, which often occurs during smoking. Experienced smokers develop symptoms of a neurotic condition - fatigue, irritability, memory loss, nervousness, and headaches.
Sensory organs also suffer from toxic substances released during smoking. How does smoking affect the senses? For example, many smokers don’t like sweets because nicotine kills gustatory nerve endings in the mouth, which leads to the disappearance of taste perception. Hard-core smokers often have problems with vision - sometimes they lose color perception and can’t distinguish colors.
This is due to the influence of tobacco poisons on the optic nerve. Smoking also has a negative effect on the hearing function. Smokers' ears are popped by toxic substances released during smoking. They have a negative effect on the hearing organ, destroying the auditory nerve, thus reducing the sharpness of the sound sensations. The medical literature has repeatedly described the harm of smoking on the human body when the constant tobacco poisoning of the body causes disease of the peripheral nervous system. If a person suffers from diseases of the nervous system, smoking can worsen the state of health and, in some cases it can lead to severe disability.
The respiratory system takes on the very first punch of tobacco poisons. The dense particles of soot and everything that tobacco smoke contains, irritate the mucous membrane of the larynx, trachea, bronchi, smallest bronchioles and pulmonary bubbles - the alveoli. As a result, exposure to tobacco poisons develops chronic inflammation of air passages. Smokers often suffer from bronchitis, and they are constantly tormented by a cough, especially growing in the morning.
A cough is accompanied by copious expectoration of dirty gray sputum. The constant irritation of the vocal cords, which is common among smokers, makes their voice rough, hoarse, and unpleasant. That, in turn, can become a barrier to professional activity (e.g. singers, teachers).
In one year, the lungs of a smoker take about 800 grams of tobacco tar. Therefore, smoker's lungs become darker than the lungs of a non-smoking person. Permanent, painful cough entails a reduction in the elasticity of the lung tissue, causing stretching of the alveoli and the development of lung emphysema. Scientists have shown that smokers’ lung functions are less full-bodied in every respect. Lungs’ resistance to infectious diseases becomes significantly reduced.
Doctors have established a direct link between smoking and tuberculosis. Smokers have tuberculosis twice as often as non-smokers. Smoking is one of the first causes of lung cancer. Statistics say that people who smoke have 10 times higher expectation to get lung cancer than non-smokers. Studies conducted in the US and Europe have shown that the risk of lung cancer increases directly in proportion to the number of cigarettes smoked. The expectation especially increases if smokers are accustomed to using half-smoked cigarettes and make deeper inhaling.
Pathologists’ researches have shown that smokers often have neoplasm of the bronchi, which are considered a pre-cancerous disease. And those who quit smoking have a significantly reduced risk of cancer. In several countries, scientists have studied the previous life of the lung cancer diseased, and have come to the conclusion that the majority of patients were tobacco smokers. Smoking can also cause cancer of the stomach, as a smoking person is constantly swallowing saliva, in which toxic products from the burned tobacco are dissolved. Scientists experimentally proved that tobacco contains carcinogenic compounds. Back in 1930, the Argentine doctor Roffo was greasing for 270-300 days the ears of rabbits with substances derived from tobacco tar, and then cancerous tumors started developing there.
Roffo’s experiments were repeated by other scientists with the same invariable results. In other experiments, researchers found that tobacco smoke contains a potent carcinogen - benzpyrene, which plays the first and primary role in the development of malignant tumors, it’s also considered fatal for humanity. In addition, smoke from cigarettes contains other dangerous substances which can also cause the development of cancer - chrysene, di benzantrene, di benzpyrene, and others.
Cigarette smoke also contains secondary amines which are soluble in the saliva and form nitrosamines in the stomach, which can cause cancer. Tobacco contains both natural and artificial radioactive elements. Finished goods (cigarettes, cigars) contain the radioactive isotope in a smaller amount than tobacco. This is explained by the fact that radioactive Polonium disintegrates during tobacco processing at factories and storage of finished goods in warehouses. A number of studies carried out to study the content of polonium in tobacco combustion products determined that the ash contains about 9% of the isotope, the cigarette butt - 20%, the filter - 8%, and the smoke - 50%.
As these figures show, half of the harmful substance is contained in cigarette smoke, so it is inhaled into the human body. From these data, we can conclude that stopping smoking tobacco would undoubtedly have reduced the incidence of such a serious and life-threatening disease like lung cancer.
The harm of tobacco smoking on the cardiovascular system is complex and diverse. During smoking, the heartbeat quickens after the first puff. A healthy human heart beats 70 times per minute, and during smoking - 80-90 times per minute. One heartbeat surpasses 60-70 milliliters of blood, at 70 beats per minute, the heart will pump 4-6 liters of blood, 300 liters in 1 hour, and over 7,000 liters in 24 hours. Now imagine that the heart beats 85 times per minute instead of 70 times, which is 21% more.
By simple calculations, we can determine that the heart has to pump 8,470 liters of blood in 24 hours, which is almost 1,500 liters more than in normal conditions.
That’s the additional burden that our heart needs to carry!
If a person is healthy, this burden on the heart is not too heavy, but if a person has a heart condition, then the burden is carried with difficulty. Experiments showed that during smoking, the adrenal glands secrete hormonal substances that can cause high blood pressure. This further increases the burden on the heart.
The heart expends more energy to surpass blood through significantly reduced blood vessels. While the diameter of the vessels reduces, the blood flow to organs worsens, and the temperature of skin decreases. Inhalation of carbon monoxide increases the content of carboxyhemoglobin in the blood of smokers, which impairs oxygen supply to the heart muscle.
Scientists have found that smoking contributes to the development of atherosclerosis. An important role here is played by the increase of catecholamine products that appear during smoking. Catecholamines contribute to an increase in the concentration of lipids (fatty substances) in the blood, which may cause the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in blood vessels. It is also known that toxic substances from tobacco smoke in the blood prevent absorption of vitamin C, the deficiency of which causes the deposition of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels, which narrows the vessels.
Poor blood supply to the heart leads gradually to its fatty degeneration. Thus, smoking may cause atherosclerosis, which, in turn, can lead to increased incidence of coronary heart disease. Coronary diseases include all heart diseases and disorders associated with a sharp decrease (general or localized) of blood flow in the blood vessels that feed the heart.
Once in the mouth, cigarette smoke irritates the tongue, gums, pharynx, it adversely affects the tooth enamel, and it begins to crack. Very often the mouth of a smoker has an unpleasant smell. Cigarette smoke irritates the salivary glands, resulting in excessive salivation. Scientists have found that smoking is a direct path to cancer of the lips and tongue.
The World Health Organization’s study revealed that cancer of the oral cavity and esophagus are four times more common among smokers than non-smokers. The poisoning effect of tobacco smoke is associated with mechanical, thermal and chemical impact. Toxic substances from tobacco smoke get into the digestive organs in many ways. Poisons penetrate the digestive system through the central nervous system, with the saliva, as well as through the circulatory system.
Statistics show a direct link between smoking and peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Deaths from these diseases occur 3-4 times more often among smokers than non-smokers. Tobacco smoke irritates the stomach lining and causes increased secretion of gastric juice with higher acidity. The constant irritation of the stomach can cause the development of chronic gastritis. Nicotine inhibits contraction (peristalsis) of the stomach and intestines. Doctors studying this phenomenon found that a smoked cigarette slows the reduction of the stomach, and sometimes stops it completely. Thus, smoking inhibits the motor action of intestinal function. This explains the smokers’ poor appetite and poor digestion.
Smoking also causes harm to the liver. Scientists have conducted experiments on rabbits and observed irreversible changes in the liver of these animals. Smokers often have enlargement of the liver, which stops if a person quits smoking. Smoking also has an effect on the pancreas. Smokers have twice the risk of cancer than that of non-smokers. If a non-smoker constantly stays in a smoke-filled room, he has a danger of chronic gastrointestinal disease.
Numerous studies have shown that smoking adversely affects the endocrine glands. Particularly gonads are affected by tobacco. Toxic substances from the cigarette smoke are poisoning the sexual glands, which is connected with the occurrence of impotence among men. Inspecting the women who worked at tobacco processing factories, scientists have identified the harmful effects of hazardous substances in their body. Women had menstrual disorders, toxemia of pregnancy and miscarriages were more common. Smoking is also harmful to other endocrine glands (thyroid, adrenal glands).